Document Type : Full length

Authors

1 Catalyst group,national petrochemical company

2 Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, National Petrochemical Company

3 Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University

Abstract

The dehydrogenation of propane to propylene over Pt-Sn-K/γ-Al2O3 catalysts prepared by sequential impregnation was studied. Three drying rates, that is, 5, 10 and 15 °C/min were applied after incipient wetness impregnation of the support (1.6–1.8 mm in diameter) with KNO3. The obtained catalysts were characterized by N2 physisorption, SEM-EDAX analysis and XRF for textural and chemical properties. Catalytic performance tests were performed in a fixed-bed quartz reactor under kinetically controlled conditions for proper catalyst screening. The EDAX measurement results illustrated that the potassium concentration profile changed with drying rate with the catalyst prepared by lower drying rate exhibited highest K concentration at the center as well as highest propylene yield. These were attributed to the retraction of impregnation solution during drying at slow rates which results in lower concentration of acidic sites in catalyst center, thereby reducing the contact time of the propylene product with strong acid sites during reaction.

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