Document Type : Full article

Authors

1 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research Lab., Chemical Engineering Dep., Engineering Faculty, University of Kashan

2 Department of chemical Engineering, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran

10.22034/ijche.2021.285197.1398

Abstract

One of the effective catalysts for hydrogen purification and production via medium temperature shift reaction, is Cu-Ce solid solution. Cu0.1Ce0,9O1.9 was produced using co-precipitation method and then was utilized as support for 5Cu/Ce0.9Cu0.1O1.9 catalyst which was synthesized employing wet impregnation method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that crystalline sizes of Ce0.9Cu0.1O1.9 and 5Cu/Cu0.1Ce0,9O1.9 were 9.22 and 18.33 nm, respectively. The Catalysts were evaluated in medium temperature shift reaction at 300-390 °C and at gas hourly space velocities (GHSV) of 12000 and 30000 h-1, in a fixed bed reactor. Due to higher concentration of Cu and synergic positive effects of both active metal and support, 5Cu/Cu0.1Ce0,9O1.9 catalyst showed better performance. It was also concluded that, because of low residence time at high levels of GHSV, increasing GHSV leads to decrease CO conversion. Then 5Cu/Cu0.1Ce0,9O1.9 was evaluated in microchennel reactor in 2 GHSVs of 12000 and 30000 h-1 and results were compared with the fixed-bed reactor. It can be concluded that microchannel reactor is better in higher GHSVs (lower residence time of gas flow). A microchannel reactor provides a high surface-to-volume ratio and gases pass over the thin layer of catalyst on the coated plates. Hence, due to the better access to the catalytic bed, the reactants react even in a short time, which improves the microchannel performance compared to the fixed bed reactor.

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