Reactor Modeling of a Non-Catalytic OCM Process

Document Type: Full article

Abstract

ge-newline"> One method for conversion of methane to more valuable products is by non-catalytic gas-phase oxidative coupling of methane (OCM), through which methane is converted into ethylene. The product of this process is ethylene, accompanied by acetylene, ethane, a small quantity of three carbon compounds as coupling products, and carbon oxides due to complete oxidation of hydrocarbons. The kinetic model proposed for the OCM process consists of 75 elementary reactions and 23 chemical species. In previous studies, the reactor-kinetic modeling of this process, was implemented in a laboratory micro-reactor at constant temperature and pressure. Considering that this process proceeds with severe variation in the enthalpy, in the present study, in addition to isothermal, the operation of the system has also been modeled for the adiabatic state. The modeling has been carried out in a tubular reactor system. Comparison of the qualitative and quantitative results of the model with experimental data at constant temperature shows that the proposed kinetic model predicts the experimental results properly. Furthermore, in the present study, the effect of various parameters on the operation of the system has also been examined. These studies have been performed in the following ranges of pressure, temperature and CH4/O2 ratio respectively: 1P 10 (bar), 950T1100 (K), 4 CH4/O2 10. It has been shown that, by increasing the temperature, the reaction rate increases. Raising the total pressure of the system causes an increase in methane conversion and selectivities of desired products as well as the reaction rate. On the other hand, increasing the residence time in the reactor will result in conversion of desired products to undesirable ones. Finally, it is shown that by decreasing the ratio of methane to inlet oxygen, conversion of methane increases, selectivities of the desired products decrease and the heat released during the reaction rises.

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