Document Type: Full article
SHAHAB is a PC- based simulator developed by Olefin Research Group (ORG), with the simultaneous simulation of the reactor, the firebox, the convection section and the transfer line exchanger in steam Cracking units. The reaction mechanism of thermal cracking of hydrocarbons is generally accepted as free-radical chain reactions. Using a rigorous kinetic model, a complete reaction network for representing the decomposition of hydrocarbon feedstocks has been developed and used for simulation of thermal hydrocarbon crackers. Taking into account the kinetics of coke formation, SHAHAB provides a detailed understanding of product, temperature and pressure distribution, coke thickness profile, reactor run length, fuel consumption and the amount of steam generated.