Document Type : Regular Article
Department of Chemical Engineering, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
Kermanshah University of Technology
In the presented research, the selective hydrogenation of benzene in a mixture of benzene and normal heptane (5 vol % of benzene) over different kinds of heterogeneous catalysts was investigated. For this purpose, a series of catalysts with various supports such as Pd/ZSM-5, Pd/13X and Pd/ was developed. To prepare Pd supported catalysts, the modification of supports was conducted by a specified amount of palladium nitrate in the aqueous solution. Experimental catalyst evaluation tests were performed in the catalyst assessment set-up. The characterizations of the physicochemical properties of the prepared catalysts were performed by XRD, NH₃-TPD and BET. It can be found that the conversion of benzene was promoted under the optimized reaction conditions of 200 °C, 1 MPa, H2/HC = 1.3 (molar ratio) and the weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) = 25 hr-1. Among these catalysts, Pd/13X exhibited the maximum conversion of benzene (90 %) and the minimum light-cut production under the optimum conditions. The study on the stability of catalysts shows that, the decline activity of Pd/13X catalyst is more than that of the other catalysts (from 90 % to 81 %) in the specified 20 h time on stream, but so far the activity of this catalyst is the highest in comparison with that of other catalysts at the end of the defined time (20 h).
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