Document Type : Full article
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology (MUT), Lavizan 158751774, Tehran, Iran
Joule-Thomson cooling systems are used in refrigeration and liquefaction processes. There are extensive studies on Joule-Thomson cryogenic systems, but most of them coverage steady state conditions or lack from experimental data. In the present work, transient thermal behavior of Joule-Thomson cooling system including counter current helically coiled tube in tube heat exchanger, expansion valve, and collector was studied by experimental tests and simulations. The experiments were carried out by small gas liquefier and nitrogen gas as working fluid. The recuperative heat exchanger was thermally analyzed by experimental data obtained from gas liquefier. In addition, the simulations were performed by an innovative method using experimental data as variable boundary conditions. A comparison was done between presented and conventional methods. The effect of collector mass and convection heat transfer coefficient was also studied using temperature profiles along the heat exchanger. The higher convection heat transfer coefficient in low-pressure gas leads to increase in exchanging energy between two streams and faster cooling of heat exchanger materials, but the higher convection heat transfer coefficient in high-pressure gas does not influence on cool-down process.