Document Type : Full article


Hamedan University of Technology


In this study, the inactivation performance of units against pathogenic and biotoxin threats in a water treatment plant is studied. The assessment of the units and hazards of the water treatment plant against each of threats is studied by the RAMCAP risk analysis. The experiments showed that the Aflatoxin was eliminated only by disinfection units. The reverse osmosis unit had high efficiency in removing Ricin, while the sand filtration had the lowest efficiency in removing biotoxins. The microbial analysis showed the total coliform bacteria, thermotolerant coliform and HPC index were increased slightly by increasing the incoming water's pH and turbidity, while their count were significantly reduced by increasing the free residual chlorine. Changes in the water temperature also had minor effects on microbial indexes. The RAMCAP analysis is used to reduce the vulnerability of units to conventional threats by determining


Main Subjects

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