Document Type : Full article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was applied for investigation of the effects of ultrasonic waves, temperature and solvent concentration on viscosity reduction of residue fuel oil (RFO). Ultrasonic irradiation was employed at low frequency of 24 kHz and power of 280 W. The results showed that the combination of ultrasonic waves and solvent injection caused to further reduce of viscosity. To obtain optimum conditions and significant parameters, the results were analyzed by CCD method. In this method, maximum viscosity reduction (133 cSt) was attained in ultrasonic irradiation for 5 min, temperature of 50 °C and acetonitrile volumetric concentration of 5 % by means of experimental and three dimensional response surface plots. The kinematic viscosity decreased from 494 cSt to 133 cSt at the optimum conditions. In addition, a multiple variables model was developed by RSM which the second-order effect of ultrasonic irradiation time was significant on viscosity reduction of FRO. Finally, a comparison between the RSM with artificial neural network (ANN) was applied. The results demonstrated that both models, , were powerful to predict of kinematic viscosity of RFO. The results demonstrated that both models, RSM and ANN, with R2 more than 0.99 were powerful to predict kinematic viscosity of RFO.


Main Subjects

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