Document Type : Regular Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran


One of the methods to reduce the particle size is the GAS method. In this method, the solute and antisolvent should be dissolved well in a solvent. But the solute is not dissolved in a solvent. The aim of studying this model is to determine the phase equilibrium and thermodynamic conditions of (CO2, solvent, 5-Fluorouracil) in the GAS process. The solvents include methanol, ethanol, acetone, 1-propanol, and 1-butanol. The Peng-Robinson equation of state with a linear combination of Vidal and Michelsen mixing rules (PR-LCVM) was used for the thermodynamic modeling. The volume expansion of the binary system (CO2, solvent) and ternary system (CO2, solvent,5-Fluorouracil) at the temperature range of 313.15-319.15 K was investigated. The Pmin values for the binary system were 66.7, 69.6, 60, 73.7, and 76.8 bar respectively for methanol, ethanol, acetone, 1-propanol, and 1-butanol at 313.15 K,. The Pmin for the ternary system was also calculated. The comparison between the Pmin values of binary and ternary systems showed that for a constant temperature and a certain solvent, the calculated minimum pressure in the ternary system was greater than the same in the binary system


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