Document Type : Full article


1 Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht,

2 The Caspian Sea Basin Research Center, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran


In this experimental investigation, the heat transfer and pressure drop of helical tubes with various helical diameters have been studied considering air injections. The tube was rested in vertical form and was put under the constant heat flux. The flow had a downward form and the air was injected into the water stream outside the helical tube. According to the findings, air injection has a notable impact on the heat transfer coefficient of each helical tube. The results showed that employing air bubbles could increase the Nusselt Number by up to  14 %. To make an acceptable comparison among all states, the Cost Benefit Ratio (C.B.R.) factor was evaluated. The results showed that the pipes with bigger diameters had the best C.B.R. factor values. It means that the air injection in the tubes with larger diameters was more beneficial than in the tubes with smaller helix diameters. The best value was attained for the helix diameter of 18 cm and the VF of 0.33 with a C.B.R. factor of 0.84. Also, the worst value was 1.18 for a helix diameter of 10 cm.


Main Subjects

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