Document Type : Regular Article
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak 38156-8-8349, Iran
It is crucial to design and develop new polymers with desirable characteristics. Aromatic polyimides have been attracted more attention in comparison with other polymeric materials, because of their excellent properties, such as high thermal stability, mechanical strength, and chemical resistance. In this work, two semi-aromatic polyimides (BCDA-mPDA and BCDA-Durene) were successfully synthesized from bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-7-ene-2,3,5,6-tetracarbocylic dianhydride (BCDA), 1,3-phenylenediamine (mPDA), and 2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (Durene) to investigate the effect of methyl functional groups on physicochemical and structural properties of the synthesized polyimides. The synthesized polyimides were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), inherent viscosity measurement, and solubility test. FTIR and 1H-NMR results confirmed the chemical structure of the synthesized polyimides. XRD results showed that the presence of methyl bulky groups has led to increasing of amorphous regions in the polymer structure. In addition, these new polymers were soluble in various organic solvents such as dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). The inherent viscosity of the synthesized polyimides was 0.65 dl/g for BCDA-Durene and 0.96 dl/g for BCDA-mPDA, respectively, which indicates the moderate molecular weight of the polymers.