Document Type : Full article
1 Assistant Professor ,Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences,
2 2. Graduate Master of Occupational Health and Safety Engineering, student Research Committee, School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Community 5 Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Natural gas (NG) is one of the cleanest and safest sources of energy transmitted in a high pressure that must be reduced before entering City Gas Station (CGS). Identifying the effective parameters in creating the hazardous areas of CGS is essential to crisis and management. This study using PHAST version 7.11(created by DNV Company) conducted a consequence modelling in three scenarios at three CGS stations in Qazvin Province, by actual data including weather conditions, gas pressure and temperature. The main results for the modeling in all three scenarios were jet fire, flash fire, and explosion. Based on the modeling results, most flame length was obtained in Avaj station with 10 meters more than others. Most radiation levels were also in Avaj station in about 150 m downwind distance, which can be caused by the longer flame length in this station.
The results showed that in fire jet modeling, an increase in air temperature can lead to an increase in gas pressure and temperature, which in this study increased the flame length of 2 to 3 meters. However, the flame length and the hazardous area was higher during the day and summer. The use of PHAST modeling software can provide useful information including high-risk operational area, hazard area, high-risk time period (day, night and season) for the management team to respond to emergency situations in process industries. In addition, it is necessary to consider the combination of different operating parameters such as gas pressure and gas temperature with different weather conditions.