Document Type : Research note


Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran


Two Cu-Co and Co3O4 oxides were synthesized by the conventional sol-gel auto-combustion and their physical-chemical properties were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, TPR and XPS. The XRD results indicated that copper-cobalt oxide appeared in a mixture form of Cu0.15Co2.85O4 spinel and CuO phases, whereas the cobalt oxide exhibited in the pure form of Co3O4 spinel. The FTIR approved the formation of the spinel structure in the both samples. The SEM results showed that both oxides are as nanoparticles. Application of the same synthesis conditions for both samples let to obtain samples with different purity. The results of temperature program reduction (TPR) revealed that Cu-Co nano oxide is more reducible at lower temperatures. The copper-cobalt oxide exhibited the higher activity that the Co3O4 in catalytic combustion of toluene, which is explained by its higher reducibility at the reaction conditions and by a possible synergistic effect between Cu-Co oxide and CuO particles.


Main Subjects

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